Indian American mathematician is awarded the Abel Prize
(Photo: Cheryl Sylivant)
Probability theory is the mathematical tool for analyzing situations governed by chance. The theory of large deviations studies the occurrence of rare events. This subject has concrete applications to fields as diverse as physics, biology, economics, statistics, computer science, and engineering.
Varadhan’s theory of large deviations provides a unifying and efficient method for clarifying a rich variety of phenomena arising in complex stochastic systems, in fields as diverse as quantum field theory, statistical physics, population dynamics, econometrics and finance, and traffic engineering. It has also greatly expanded our ability to use computers to simulate and analyze the occurrence of rare events. Over the last four decades, the theory of large deviations has become a cornerstone of modern probability, both pure and applied.
“Varadhan’s work has great conceptual strength and ageless beauty. His ideas have been hugely influential and will continue to stimulate further research for a long time”, to quote the Abel Committee.
2003年度阿贝尔奖获得者： Jean-Pierre Serre
2004年度阿贝尔奖获得者： Sir Michael Francis Atiyah and Isadore M. Singer
2005年度阿贝尔奖获得者： Peter D. Lax
2006年度阿贝尔奖获得者： Lennart Carleson