美国数学家Milnor教授荣获2011年度阿贝尔奖

（转自__阿贝尔奖官方网站__）

挪威科学与文学院（__The
Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters__）2011年3月23日宣布，将2011年度阿贝尔奖授予__Institute
for Mathematical Sciences__, __Stony Brook University__, New York的__John Willard Milnor__教授，以表彰“**他对在拓扑、几何和代数方面的先驱性发现**”（“for pioneering
discoveries in topology, geometry and algebra”）。该项奖金为6,000,000 克郎（约1,000,000美元) 。颁奖仪式将于2011年5月24日在奥斯陆举行，挪威国王将向__John Willard Milnor__ 教授颁奖。

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__阿贝尔评奖委员会的授奖词__（中文）；

__This year's Abel Prize
Laureates__

The Abel Prize
awarded to John Milnor, Stony Brook
University, NY

The Norwegian Academy
of Science and Letters has decided to award the Abel Prize for 2011 to John
Milnor, Institute for Mathematical Sciences, Stony Brook University, New York “for pioneering discoveries in
topology, geometry and algebra”. The President of the Norwegian
Academy of Science and Letters, Øyvind Østerud, announced the
winner of this year’s Abel Prize at the Academy in Oslo today, 23 March.

** **

John Milnor will receive the Abel Prize from His Majesty
King Harald at an award ceremony in Oslo on 24 May. The Abel Prize recognizes
contributions of extraordinary depth and influence to the mathematical sciences
and has been awarded annually since 2003. It carries a cash award of NOK
6,000,000 (close to EUR 750,000 or USD 1 mill.)

John Milnor’s profound ideas and fundamental discoveries
have largely shaped the mathematical landscape of the second half of the 20th
century. All of Milnor’s work display features of great research: profound
insights, vivid imagination, striking surprises and supreme beauty. He receives
the 2011 Abel Prize “for pioneering discoveries in topology, geometry and
algebra,” to quote the Abel committee.

In the course of 60 years, John Milnor has made a deep mark
on modern mathematics. Numerous mathematical concepts, results and conjectures
are named after him. In the literature we find Milnor exotic spheres, Milnor fibration, Milnor number and many more.

Yet the significance of Milnor’s work goes far beyond his
own spectacular results. He has also written tremendously influential books,
which are widely considered to be models of fine mathematical writing.

### Awards and honours

John Milnor has received many awards and honours.
He received the Fields Medal in 1962 for his work in differential topology when
he was only 31. Recently he was awarded the 2011 Leroy P. Steele Prize for
Lifetime Achievement by the American Mathematical Society. Milnor has
previously won two other Steele Prizes from the AMS: for Mathematical
Exposition (2004) and for Seminal Contribution to Research (1982). In 1989
Milnor received the Wolf Prize in Mathematics.

John Milnor received the US National Medal of Science in
1967. He was elected as a member of the National Academy of Sciences in 1963.
Since 1994, he has been a foreign member of the Russian
Academy of Sciences, and in 2004 he
became a member of the European
Academy of Sciences, Arts
and Letters.

### The Abel Prize

The Niels Henrik
Abel Memorial Fund was established in 2002 to award the Abel Prize for
outstanding scientific work in the field of mathematics. The Abel Prize was
awarded for the first time in 2003.

The prize is awarded by the Norwegian Academy
of Science and Letters. The choice of Abel Laureate is based on the
recommendation of the Abel Committee, which consists of five internationally
recognized mathematicians.